# Mathnasium #MathTricks: Direct Percents

By Mathnasium | Added May 31, 2023

Welcome to Mathnasium’s Math Tricks series. Today we are finding the direct percentage amount of any number.

To calculate the “direct percent” of a number, we use the following steps:

1. Estimate the answer by rounding the number to the nearest multiple of 50.
2. Convert the percent to a decimal.
3. Multiply the number by the decimal.
4. Check for reasonableness.

Follow the example below to find the direct percent.

##### Example: It takes Larissa 363 total minutes to get from her house to her grandmother’s house. If 87% of this time is spent on an airplane, how many minutes does she spend on an airplane?

Step 1: Estimate the answer by rounding the number to the nearest multiple of 50.
Rounding the number 363 to the nearest multiple of 50, we get 350.
Since 87% means 87 for each 100, we estimate 87% of 350, which is equal to 304.5.

Step 2: Convert the percent to a decimal.
To convert 87% to a decimal we move the decimal point two places to the left, leaving us with 0.87.

Step 3: Multiply the number by the decimal.
Multiplying the number 363 by the decimal 0.87, we get an answer of 315.81.

Step 4: Check for reasonableness.
Our estimate was 304.5, so 315.81 is very reasonable.